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Grassweed Control - Hitting low dormancy blackgrass hard

17/10/2018

Freshly shed blackgrass seed is reported to be of low dormancy this season, so hitting it early and hard will be key to optimising control, says technical manager Mark Hemmant.

 

Blackgrass that emerges with autumn-sown cereals is

10 X more competitive

than that which appears

later in the season.

 

 

 

There is likely to be a significant early flush this autumn,

so we need to employ all the tools in the armoury to achieve the best result.

 Mark Hemmant Technical Manager

 

Pre-drilling

With lots of low dormancy blackgrass near the surface, stale seedbeds should be particularly effective this year in getting a chit.
Spray off with a good formulation of glyphosate before drilling; in bad situations, an earlier application might also be beneficial.

Adding Companion Gold to minimise drift and condition hard water will optimise efficacy.

 

Pre-em product choice

Applying flufenacet at 240g/ha is crucial. Many years of Agrovista trials and field observations have shown it is best partnered with pendimethalin and diflufenican.
Pre-emergence herbicides formulated by the R&D manufacturers have consistently outclassed generic products.

 

Trooper (flufenacet + pendimethalin) at 2 litres/ha plus Herold (diflufencian + flufenacet) at 0.3 litres/ha with Avadex Excel) (tri-allate) at 15kg/ha have performed very well.

This was re-confirmed in a two-site trial carried out last season (see graph 1).

 

Pre-em herbicide comparison

 

Application aids

A good application aid can improve the efficacy of pre-em herbicides.

We recommend Remix, a long chain paraffinic oil, in all cases.

It decreases the production of very fine and very coarse droplets, reducing spray drift and improving spray deposition.

Remix’s molecules are also positively charged, binding the herbicide active to clay and organic matter in the surface layer for longer, optimising weed control and reducing seedling damage.


Extensive trials over 10 years have shown Remix increases blackgrass control from a typical pre-em stack by 11%, for a few pounds per hectare.

 

Remix consistently outperforms competitor products.

 

In a pre-em only trial last season, for example, it gave an average 7% uplift in blackgrass control over a product that claims to be the same.

It also maintained a 2% lead overall under four different post-emergence follow-up treatments (see graph 2).

 

Remix adjuvant for effective control

That could make the difference between achieving the 98% control we need to reduce the blackgrass burden, or not.


Application

Achieving an even coverage of the seedbed is vital. We need to paint the soil and, within reason, the more droplets we can apply, the better.

Using twin caps fitted to a single spray line doubles the number of nozzles, and therefore droplets, for the same water volume.

Using alternate forward-facing (30 degree) and vertical flat-fan nozzles optimises coverage of the soil.

 

This mimics a twin-line set up that gave excellent results in trials on heavily infested blackgrass land in Northamptonshire, producing a 10% uplift in control over a single line set-up when applying full-rate diflufenican and flufenacet.

 

Water volume also has a direct effect on droplet number.

We recommend a minimum of 200 litres/ha, increasing to 300 litres/ha for severe infestations.

 

Timing

To ensure pre-ems work as effectively as possible, the aim should be to drill, roll and spray within 48 hours, especially when using Avadex. This produces a gas, and rolling extends the time it remains in the soil.

 

Follow-up treatments

An early post-em is often required to control blackgrass that has emerged after the pre-em and to top up residual control.
Adding 250g/ha of ethofumesate (Xerton @ 0.6 litres/ha) to 240g/ha of flufenacet has proved very beneficial (see graph 3).

 

Post-em herbicide performance chart

The combination has also outperformed other contact/residual mixtures.


It also means a top-up treatment of iodosulfuron + mesosulfuron can be applied in the spring – this is not permitted if these actives have been used in the autumn.

 

More information on blackgrass trials and management

 

Trials show the way

on blackgrass control

 

Cover crop beats fallow for

control of blackgrass

 

Persevere with spring cropping

to control blackgrass

trials show the way on blackgrass control Cover crops for effective soil management Persevere with Spring Cropping to control blackgrass

 

 

 


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17/10/2018

Grassweed Control - Hitting low dormancy blackgrass hard

Blackgrass that emerges with autumn-sown cereals is 10 x more competitive than that which appears later in the season. There is likely to be a significant early flush this autumn, hitting it hard and early will be key to control.

17/10/2018

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